In addition--- since the A330 shifts modes during the landing, slipping the aircraft becomes a bit of a challenge, and could be the attributing factor to the A330 Crosswind Landing Statistics mentioned yesterday.
The handling differences in a Fly-By-Wire aircraft are significantly different in some maneuvers--- especially Landing.
If a slip is to be flown just before landing, lateral stick input is used to establish the amount of bank and must be returned to a neutral position to hold the amount of bank requested, while opposite rudder is established. Not a big deal. Now we're flying neutral stick with a bank established and cross rudder, creating a slip.
Normal Law--- the flight control law used for normal operations when everything is working.
Normal Law has three modes of operation:
- Flight Mode
- Landing Mode
- Ground Mode
Landing Mode is when the logic begins to change. Airbus decided that when descending below 100 feet RA, they wanted to give us a "conventional feel" for the flare and touchdown. This feel only effects the pitch handling characteristics. Then at 50 feet RA a slight pitch down elevator input is applied requiring the pilot to give a bit of aft stick movement to maintain the same pitch.
At 30 feet--- flare. The pilot brings the nose up just enough to arrest the descent rate. Not the traditional flare that you'd expect in a Cessna or a B747. Bring the power to idle when commanded. The aft mains touchdown first. Front mains land second. Then we fly the nose to the runway. Do not hold the nose off. If we hold it off too long, we'll run out of airspeed and she'll drop hard.
During the flare, rudder should be applied to align the aircraft with the runway heading.
Ground Mode is where the fun begins in crosswind conditions. Sidestick control of elevators, ailerons, and spoilers, is now directly proportional to the deflection of the sidestick. Therefore, if we had a bank established, but our stick was neutral--- once on the ground we'd be required to input the same amount of bank as necessary to counteract the wind, and hold the stick in that direction.
If you had no bank established, once on the ground, you may need to add some, remembering the direct stick to controls logic--- just like Direct Law. The flying does not stop when this plane is on the ground. It may just begin.
Tonight--- Pilots For Kids! Delta Pilots visit Childrens Hospital in Seatlte. More about that tomorrow!
~Enjoy the Journey!